Comprehension…a key component of the reading process!
What is comprehension?
Comprehension is the ability to read a text, engage with it and extract meaning. It is one of the key components in the reading process. Sometimes students might appear to be confident readers and may read a passage aloud with fluency and expression in their voice. However, when questioned, they may not fully understand what the text was about. There are several different strategies that assist children to engage fully with a text. These strategies need to be taught carefully and in context. Reading Eggs models and teaches students these strategies across a range of texts and reading levels.
My student has difficulties with comprehension. How can Reading Eggs help?
The Reading Eggs Comprehension Gym can help students who have difficulty interpreting and understanding text. It offers a variety of interactive lessons to teach important comprehension strategies. Students firstly engage in pre-reading activities that model and teach a variety of strategies. This is followed by a reading passage and a set of questions that assess a child’s factual, inferential and critical understandings of the text.
Pre-reading activities in the Comprehension Gym are designed to teach students a variety of ways to comprehend text. Such activities include:
- Cover story analysis – students are required to look at the text and visuals of a book cover to identify what the book is about.
- Dictionary – students are required to study key words in terms of their definition and word function.
- The main ideas and details – students are required to identify the main idea of a paragraph through reading and answering questions.
- What’s your motivation? – students are required to analyse a animated situation and identify why a character says something or acts in a certain way.
- Point of view – students are required to answer questions based on the different ways of viewing a subject.
- Word building – students are required to change the meaning of a word through adding a prefix to the beginning of the word, or a suffix to the end of the word.
- Reading – students are required to read a book and then answer a quiz based on their understanding.
The 200 Comprehension Gym lessons cover 5 broad levels equivalent to school grades 2 – 6. Each student completes a Comprehension Gym Placement Test which places them at an appropriate level within the program. With 40 lessons per level, all students can be working at their skill level. Each lesson set, eg 2.1 or 2.2 has 10 interactive comprehension lessons, with 5 nonfiction and 5 fiction text samples. Each lesson has 5 or 6 pre-reading activities that build comprehension strategies, then the student reads the extract, followed by a 16-question comprehension quiz. Students can work through these 10 lessons in any order. Once all lessons are completed, they move to the next lesson set.